I'm not saying that
grep is slow or flawed in any way but it can be definitely faster (and better). And GNU grep is not the only player out there.
Let me introduce
ripgrep, a grep/ag/ack alternative written in Rust.
So why should you use
ripgrep? Because it's fast. Very fast! It has saner defaults. And it's written in Rust. (Topic for another time:)
Also, I just learnt that ripgrep powers Visual Studio Code's search.
- Did I tell you that it's crazy fast?
- It searches recursively by default.
- It ignores hidden and binary files by default.
- It respects .gitignore. It will skip listed files and directories by default.
- You can restrict your search to specific filetypes.
- It prints pretty.
- It supports file encodings other than UTF-8.
- It's crazy fast.
- Doesn't have multiline search.
- Since it uses threads heavily to do work, ripgrep's output is not deterministic. Tip: Pipe the output through
It's not a drop-in replacement for GNU grep or ag though. So don't replace them with rg in scripts without testing.
If you have Rust toolchain (1.12 or newer) installed, you can install it using cargo. Add
~/.cargo/bin to $PATH if you haven't yet.
$ cargo install ripgrep
If you run bleeding-edge Arch, run
$ pacman -S ripgrep
Fedora users can install it using:
$ dnf copr enable carlgeorge/ripgrep $ dnf install ripgrep
On macOS, run
$ brew install ripgrep
If you are worrying about having to type 3 more letters everytime you search and don't know what an alias is, don't worry. The binary is called just
If you know how to use
grep, you can use
ripgrep. I'll just outline basic usage here though. Read the instructions on its GitHub page if you want to know everything about it.
To search any word recursively in a directory:
$ rg <keyword>
ripgrep's default behavior is to skip hidden and binary files apart from everything ignored by git. Use
-uuuto disable that.
To search a keyword in only specific filetypes, pass the file extension to -t switch:
$ rg -tjs foo
To search a keyword in files matching the specified glob:
$ rg foo -g 'bar.*'
I ran simple benchmarks on my machine (Core i7 6500U, 8GB RAM, KDE neon 5.12.5 based on Ubuntu 16.04) using
/usr/bin/time binary and ripgrep seems to beat GNU grep everytime (by a huge margin!).
$ /usr/bin/time rg -uu import > /dev/null # ~24 seconds $ /usr/bin/time grep -r import * > /dev/null # ~3 min 27 seconds
Keep in mind that these are not scientific benchmarks by any means. Go to ripgrep's GitHub page for more comprehensive reports.